Though he was also a skilled draughtsman and painter, Warhol is best known for his iconic screenprint images. He was a leader of the Pop Art movement, which flourished in the 1960s and 70s. His day-glo portraits of Marilyn Monroe and General Mao are immediately recognizable and the famous Campbell’s soup label series combined his love of kitsch and commercialism.
Details of Renaissance Paintings (Sandro Botticelli, Birth of Venus), 1984
Warhol was born to a working-class family of Slovak immigrants in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. When he was young, he contracted St. Vitus’ Dance, which left him bedridden for long stretches of time. Because of this illness, he remained pale and sickly, but was able to devote himself to drawing and clipping photographs of famous Hollywood celebrities from magazines.
Marilyn Monroe, 1967
Warhol studied at the Carnegie Institute of Technology and worked for some time as a commercial artist in New York. He rose to fame in the 1950s and established “The Factory” – a den for creative and eccentric trendsetters of the day. It was here that many of his most famous prints were produced.
Untitled from Flowers, 1970
The artist died from complications after a routine gallbladder surgery in 1987. Warhol’s will called for the creation of a foundation that would advance the cause of fine art. Today, the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts manages most of the artist’s estate.