Robert Rauschenberg was an American artist known for using mixed media, including painting, printmaking, photography, performance and sculpture. While is work is often described as Neo-Dada, he is credited as influencing the pop art movement. Raushchenberg created an innovative portfolio of prints that include screenprint, lithography, photography and photo transfer.
Marble Surf (Runts). Pigment transfer on polylaminate. 2007. 61 x 73 ½ in. Pace Gallery
Rauschenberg was born in Port Arthur, Texas, where he began his studies before be called to duty during World War II. After returning from service, he decided to pursue a career as an artist and took courses at the Kansas City Art Institute, Academie Julien in Paris and the Black Mountain College in North Carolina. After finishing his studies, Raushcenberg began to show at several, esteemed New York galleries including: Betty Parsons, Charles Egan Gallery, Stable Gallery and Leo Castelli. He later had retrospectives at the Jewish Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, the Smithsonian American Art Museum and the Soloman R. Guggenheim Museum.
Unitiled. 1984. Acrylic on fabric laminated paper stretched over line. 64 x 60 in.
Soviet /American Array VII. 1988-90. Intaglio in fourteen colors. 79 x 51 in
Port of Entry [Anagram (A Pun)] 1998. Pigmented ink Transfer on Aluminum Panels
Raushchenberg’s work can be described as experimental; his multi-media works are often referred to as “combines” or three-dimensional collages. After 1960, Raushcenberg’s work became less sculptural and more graphic, though he would print on unusual materials such as aluminum or cloth. By the 1980s, Raushchenberg’s work became more collage-like, using photo transfer techniques to juxtapose different images in a more traditional print format.
Last Turn-Your Turn (Earth Summit ’92 The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development Print) 1991. Offset Lithograph
After Rauschenberg’s death a memorial exhibition was held at the Guggenheim Museum to commemorate his life and legacy. Rauschenberg’s estate was originally managed by Pace Gallery before moving to the Gagosian Gallery.