Joan Miró was a Catalonian artist born in Barcelona. Miró is often associated with Surrealism and Dada, though he developed his own distinct style and visual language. While Miró is often remembered for his paintings, sculptures and prints. Miró’s lithograohs and etchings were widely published and Miró illustrated around 250 books, referred to as “Livres d’Artiste.”
Cover of Joan Miro Lithographs Volume 1 by Michel Leiros and Fernand Mourlot
Miró started his artistic training in Spain, taking classes Cercle Artistic de Sant Lluc. He had little success with his first solo shows but he did not let that stop him from pursuing a career as an artist. By 1920 he moved to the thriving art scene of Montmarnasse in Paris.
Livre d’Artiste (Book illustration) Joan Miro/ Tristan Tzara “Parler seul” (poem) 1948/50. Paris (Maeght) 38 x 28 cm
Partida de Campo II. 1967. Graphic Art (Intaglio), Museo Nacional de Arte Reina Sofia Collection, Madrid
Lithography posters for Maeght Gallery
In Paris, Miró started to show signs of success. He was invited to join group exhibitions, which enabled him to make a name for himself. Miró started to frequent the Mourlot Studios, where he learned about printmaking. Mourlot eventually published several editions of lithographs by Miró, which are some of the artist’s most iconic works. Miro’s name is also closely connected with the Maeght Foundation, which greatly supported Miró’s work. Adrien Maeght personally printed a number of works by Miró. Miró exhibited at the Maeght foundation alongside such artists as Marc Chagall and Giacometti. By the 1970s Miró’s reputation had spread internationally. He was invited to exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Tate Modern in London, the National Gallery of Art in D.C. and at the Reina Sofia in Madrid.
View of the Pilar and Joan Miro Foundation in Mallorca, Spain (Fundacio Pilar i Joan Miro)
There are currently two foundations, established to maintain the legacy of Joan Miró: the Fundació Joan Miro in Barcelona and the Fundació Pilar I Joan Miró in Palma de Mallorca.