Otto Dix was a German painter and printmaker. Dix is associated with Neue Sachlichket or New Objectivity, concerning public life in Weimer Germany. These artists believed in being practical and less filtered than the Expressionists.
Stormtroopers Advancing Under Gas. Aquatint. 1924
Wounded Soldier-Autumn 1916. Der Krieg #6. Etching
As a printmaker, Dix was a master of intaglio. He created etchings, drypoint and aquatint prints. His graphic works are bold, using a range of tone and line-work. His subject matter was often raw and stark, depicting war, violence, prostitution and death. Dix was greatly traumatized from his service in World War I, which involved working with a machine-gun unit. Despite his distress, Dix was awarded an Iron Cross. Dix later created a memorable series of etchings called “Der Krieg” (The War) based on memories and nightmares from his time in service.
Gas Victims. 1916. Etching
Street Corner. Drypoint. 1922
The War. 1924. Etching
Dix’s contemporaries included George Grosz, Max Beckmann, Heinrich Maria Davringhausen, among others. While the Nazis regarded Dix as a degenerate, he was given several awards for his artistic merit later in his life.