Salvador Dali is perhaps best known for his larger-than-life personality and ridiculous public antics. He made significant contributions to the Surrealist movement through numerous paintings, sculptures, drawings and graphic works.
Cavalier of Death, 1934
Dali was born in Catalonia, Spain to a comfortable, middle-class family. His mother encouraged his early artistic endeavors. He learned to draw and attended the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid before being expelled in 1926. During his first visit to Paris, he met Picasso and Miró, who would remain major influences in his life. In August 1929, Dali also met his wife, Gala. They remained together until his death in 1989.
St. George and the Dragon, 1947
Grain and Chaff, 1935
The Grasshopper Child, 1933
The artist’s work explores the human subconscious and often looks like a dreamscape. Therefore, it stands to reason that he seized the opportunity to illustrate such books as Alice in Wonderland and The Divine Comedy. In the 1970s, he collaborated with publishers to put out a series of five lithographs – his reimagining of five Old Master paintings in his own very unique style.
Mystic Manifesto, 1951
Dali was criticized for his extravagant lifestyle, his commercialism and for dodging both the Spanish Civil War and WWII. However, his work was admired by many and has since inspired a new generation of Surrealist artists.