Pieter Breugel (originally Brueghel) the Elder was a painter, draftsman and printmaker during the Netherlandish Renaissance. Bruegel lived in Anstwerp, where we served as a master painter in the Guild of Saint Luke. Bruegel also worked with a publishing house, for which he made drawings to be made into engravings.
The Alchemist. After 1558. Engraving, First State of Three.
St. James the Greater at Hermogenes. 1565. Engraving.
Many of Bruegel’s works were made in the style of Hieronymus Bosch. He also made works illustrating Flemish proverbs. Bruegel commonly depicted genre or peasant scenes, reflecting the artist’s humanist values. His engravings are incredibly detailed, containing multiple figures, symbols and often text. Many of his prints were published by Hieronymus Cock and printed in multiple states.
Parable of the Wise and the Foolish Virgins. Engraving. 1500s
Last Judgement. Engraving
Big Fish Eat Small Fish. (after Bosch) ca 1619. National Gallery of Art, DC
Bruegel’s engravings were so popular, they have been republished in more recent years by different publishers and printers. Original ink drawings made for Bruegel’s engravings still exist and sell for large sums. By the end of his life Bruegel designed around seventy engravings. He made only printed one work on his own, an etching titled “The Rabbit Hunt.”